Echó de ver, que algunos Indios Huarpes, que viven de la Vanda Oriental de la Cordillera, en la dilatada Provincia de Cuyo, aunque trataban con los Epañoles, . diaguitas, los omaguacas, los atacamas, los comechingones y los huarpes. EN , INVADIENDO Y MATANDO A NUESTROS INDIOS. Constituye un aporte original al conocimiento del idioma huarpe como resultado de la .. El traslado de los indios huarpes a Chile fue en tal proporción que.

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The plant kingdom and hallucinogens (part II)

Bhangthe weakest, consists of the dried plant gathered green, powdered and huzrpes into a drink with water or milk, or with sugar and spices, into candies called majun; opium and Datura are said sometimes to be added. Next, he snuff, s, whilst, huaroes the same reed, he absorbs the powder into each nostril successively.

Yet the literature – especially the anthropological – has unwarrantably exaggerated the importance of the leguminous snuffs from Anadenanthera Piptadenia.

Entre estos destacamos a fines de nuestra labor: Some of the side and after-effects of nutmeg intoxication – headache, dryness of the mouth, dizziness, tachycardia – are distinctly unpleasant. Yet there, further south, the Comechingon Indians took something called Sebil through the nose Hundreds of indigenous peoples devoted to Santiago are witnesses of the huge expansion of the cult of a Saint that, not only came from very far away, but also presented as an enemy.

Universidad Complutense de Madrid. There is, however, still much disagreement in these aspects of the morphology of the plant because of the botanical observations on material from wide areas of the world and on a large selection of “races”. E loro lo fecero, per salvare la propria vita, almeno in superficie.

One must remember that not one species – Anadenanthera peregrina – is involved but that there have been suggestions that other species of this genus have entered the South American snuff-making picture. An early report, dating from aboutstated that Inca witch-doctors prophesied by contacting the devil through an intoxication induced by drinking chicha and an herb called villca.

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The vernacular names for the two kinds of red seeds are often the same: Courtesy Botanical Museum of Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts An ethnobotanically and pharmacologically most interesting practice is the reported mixing in a narcotic drink of peyote and mescal beans amongst the Comanche, Oto and Tonkawa.

Cytisine, an alkaloid that formed the basis for the hallucinogenic use amongst some North American Plains Indians of seeds of the leguminous Sophora secundiflorahas been isolated from leaves and invios of Genista canariensis.

These two species have yielded an alkaloid, mesembrine, which has sedative, cocaine-like effects, producing torpour in man.

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This drink, practised probably in transitional periods between the dying out of the Red Bean Dance and the establishment of the peyote cult, must indeed have been a potent – if not a dangerous – narcotic preparation.

They have been found in archaeological sites, all dated before 1, A. This potent hallucinating drink merits deeper study. They might catch a glimpse of the clashing rocks that destroy souls of the dead journeying to their goal, or see the Thunderbird shooting lightning from a huge tuft on his head and producing claps of thunder by running about. It was Safford apparently who first suggested that species of Anadenanthera other than A. This interesting narcotic plant has never been definitively identified.

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These plants grow spontaneously, spread mainly from hemp formerly cultivated in plantations for fibre production, at one time a major agricultural industry in North America. Much of a basic nature, especially in ecological studies, remains for botanists to unravel. Several species of Erythrina contain toxic indole or isoquinoline derivatives. Other species are likewise prized as condiments and medicinally as agents effectively hastening the healing of wounds and burns. Mentioning hallucinogenic effects, he explained that, after tribal councils, the chief prays and “tells the vision that he has seen, intoxicated with the cogioba which goes up to his head Sophora secundiflora Sophora secundiflora is a beautiful shrub – often planted as an ornamental in Texas – with leathery, evergreen leaflets and large inflorescences of violet or violet-blue flowers and woody legumes containing usually three or four beans.

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Unfortunately, no direct evidence connects the Hottentot kanna with Mesembryanthemumand Lewin, doubting that these aizoaceous plants could produce the effects described, suggests that the narcotic in question must have been Cannabis sativato which the Hottentots were very habituated. Shortly after eight, I lay down in my hammock, overcome with drowsiness, which, however, seemed to be accompanied by a muscular excitation except in the hands and feet.

This sediment is toasted in the pot over a slight fire and is then finely powdered with the blade of a knife. The literature concerning the snuffing of narcotic powders has become extraordinarily confused.

This property of the plant has been experimentally substantiated. The Chinantecs and Mazatecs of Oaxaca consider them poisonous.

The ancient Indian Atharva-Veda called the drug a “liberator of sin” and “heavenly guide” and the plant is still held sacred in many temples. Undoubtedly one of the oldest known and certainly to-day the most widely spread hallucinogenic plant is Cannabis sativa.

They have been recorded for at least 12 cave and rock shelter archaeological sites in southwestern Texas, and material from sites in northern Mexico has been carbon-dated to between 7, B.